The Etruscans, a people of ancient Italy, from the tenth century BC, established themselves in a large area, called Etruria, coinciding with Tuscany, Umbria and Lazio.
It was a prosperous civilization, incorporated in the first century BC. from the Roman one that benefited above all in social and cultural terms.
The Etruscan civilization was born as an essentially agricultural civilization, developed slowly into a flourishing commercial, maritime and terrestrial activity.
It is located in the history between the two great civilizations of the Greeks and Romans and brought to Italy many knowledge of the Greek world that were then transmitted to the Romans.
The first cultural event typical of the Etruscan world was the “Villanoviano” phenomenon representing the funeral rite of cremation preserving the cinerary urns (we are in the ninth century BC).
In ancient times, even before the advent of Christ, Umbria was inhabited by Italic and Etruscan peoples. For this reason there are plenty of testimonials in Umbria, still well preserved, such as the Etruscan necropolis around Orvieto that attest to the existence of a remarkable flowering of the city, which has become an important trading center since the VI century BC. . A later development, instead, took place in the city of Perugia, where the Etruscan civilization gave its own imprint especially from the 3rd to the 1st century BC. , erecting the important city walls of the city a fundamental work of stupendous fortification.
In the surroundings of Perugia very recently, in 1840, the Hypogeum of the Volumni was discovered, one of the best preserved examples of Etruscan funerary architecture. Here in the underground tomb of the Volumnia people (rich and noble Etruscan family) it is possible to identify the Etruscan attempt to take the body from death and give it the appearance and ways of terrestrial life. The necropolis can be visited and follows illustrated routes in which are exhibited archaeological materials of great value.
The Etruscans in Umbria, but especially in Orvieto and Perugia, have left the imprint of their civilization, building works that still impress with their majesty.
In Perugia, the Arco Etrusco or Arco di Augusto, represents the monumental entrance to the Etruscan city walls (III – II century BC) built in travertine blocks and restored during the Augustan period (Augusta Perusia). The Arco Etrusco is just a few step away from our luxury villa – apartments rental.
One of the most beautiful features of the Etruscan city wall is the continuation of the Etruscan arch in Via Battisti where the power and majesty of the work is highlighted with greater strength.
But the whole city of Perugia, from the walls of Canapina, to the Porta Eburnea, to Porta Marzia, although modified during the Middle Ages, presents the signs of Etruscan civilization for which it has been the object of study and admiration by historians and scholars.
In the historic center of Perugia there is the Etruscan well, one of the ancient wells of Umbria, which can be visited from the inside. It is possible to go down into the well and listen to the drops of water that slide to feed it. The Etruscan well is at only 15 minutes walking from our charming villa residence.
In Piazza IV Novembre an Etruscan acropolis has been discovered that under the Church of San Lorenzo (the Duomo) has been brought to light: another Etruscan wonder buried by time.
Worth mentioning is the necropolis Sperandio, perhaps the most important for cultural interest, which takes its name from the villa that has hosted it near the historic center.
From our villa – vacation rental You can easy reach Piazza IV Novembre in just about 15 minutes walking.
Other discoveries have been cataloged and exhibited in the National Archaeological Museum of Umbria where various evidences are kept, including one of the most important, an inviolate Etruscan tomb discovered in 1983 and named “the tomb of the Cutu” which takes its name from the family to which he referred.
Villa Nuba charming villa – apartments rental is the ideal villa to stay in total relaxation and also to experience and discover the Etruscan city that will envelop you with its charm. Villa Nuba is in fact in Perugia, a stone’s throw from the Etruscan Arch and the majestic city walls, but at the same time in the countryside, in a green hill. Preferring our elegant apartments for rent for your stay in Perugia rather than a hotel is certainly the smartest choice: a stay at Villa Nuba ensures more privacy, total relaxation and less expense.
And above all, it ensures an unforgettable holiday in a typical Umbrian villa.
The Etruscan civilization, as far as it was possible to reconstruct, based on the few inscriptions received, mostly of the sacral and funerary type, has had as its cultural base the magical and divinatory rituals: men, for the most part warriors, seem to be dominated by constant concern to correctly interpret the celestial will.
But the Etruscan civilization, although flourishing and proud, had to succumb in the face of the advance of a younger and more aggressive people, the Romans. So it was that customs and ways of life were amalgamated into a new civilization, the Roman one.
We can well say that on the Umbrian cities, well fortified by the Etruscans, the following period, the Romanesque one, built a people that gave Umbria a characterization of great civilization in which the religious spirit had space.
In quick conclusion, it has been ascertained that the Romans owe much of their success to the discovery of Etruscan inventions and structures; from the long and thorough studies, the conviction that the Etruscan people has been much advanced in literature, theology and science has emerged.
A visit therefore to the city of Perugia can provide an opportunity for visual verification of a civilization, distant in time but still present today, which has left evidence of great cultural expression.